• Breaking News

    How to cheat at breast cancer and Get Away with It

    Breast cancer definition is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. It starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can be seen on an X-ray or felt as a lamp. This tumor is malignant if the cells can grow into invade nearby tissues or spread metastasize to distant areas of the body. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in America. Breast cancer can occur in both women and men but it’s far more common in women. In breast cancer, cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer and can spread to other areas.

    Breast cancer can start from different parts of the breast. In most of the cases, breast cancer begins in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple (ductal cancer). Some start in glands that make breast milk (lobular cancers). It’s more important to understand that breast lumps are benign and not malignant.

    Breast Cancer Information and Statistics:

    In the United States of America, breast cancer incidence rates began decreasing in 2000 after increasing for the previous two decades. The reason behind decrease was partially due to the reduced use of hormone replaced therapy by women after results of detail study called women’s health initiatives which were published in 2002. These results suggested a connection between hormone replacement therapy and increased breast cancer risk. For women, breast cancer death rates are higher than those for other cancer, besides lung cancer.

    About 40,900 women in the U.S are expected to die in 2018 from breast cancer, through death rates have been decreasing since 1989. Women under 45 have experienced larger decreases. These reductions are thought to be the result of advanced treatment, earlier detection through screening and increased awareness.

    In women under 50, breast cancer is common in South Africa and America women. Moreover, American-African is more likely to die of breast cancer. For Asian, and Native-American women, the risk of developing and dying from breast cancer is lower.

    Breast Cancer Causes:

    Breast Cancer Causes

    Breast cancer is usually caused by a genetic mutation in the DNA of breast cancer cells. Mutations may develop randomly over time, while others are inherited and may be the result of environmental exposures or lifestyle factors. Breast cancer risks may be preventable. Of course, people cannot control every variable that may influence your risk.
    There are some key breast cancer factors to know:

    Family History:

    Having a blood relative with breast cancer increases your risk of developing the disease. Women breast cancer is almost double if she has a sister, mother or daughter with breast cancer and also about triple if she has two or more relatives with breast cancer disease. These causes of breast cancer also known as breast cancer genetics.

    Breast changes and condition:

    Most of the women with dense breast or with a history of breast lumps, a previous breast cancer, and many certain non-cancerous breast condition are at developing breast cancer than women who do have these conditions of breast cancer.


    Women who are overweight after menopause are more likely to get breast cancer. The exact reason is not clear because it may be due to a higher level of estrogen produced by fat cells after menopause. Being overweight may boost blood levels of insulin, which may affect breast cancer risk.

    Alcohol Consumption:

    Most of the studies suggest women drink two or more alcoholic beverages a day are 12/2 times more likely than non-drinkers to develop breast cancer. The risk rises with greater alcohol intake and alcohol is known to increase the risk of cancer. For this reason, the American National Society recommends that women stick to one drink a day or less.

    Age and Gender:

    When a women getting older, then she may be at risk of developing breast cancer. This risk begins to climb over 40 or 45 and is highest for women in their age of 70’s.

    Breast cancer symptoms:

    Breast cancer symptoms

    The symptoms of breast cancer vary from one person to another. Knowing what your breast normally look and feel like that may help you recognize possible signs and symptoms. Early signs and symptoms of some men and women might experience include:
    1.    Changes in the shape, size or appearance of a breast.
    2.    A newly inverted nipple.
    3.    A breast lump that feels different from nearby tissue.
    4.    Redness of the skin over your breast.
    5.    Scaling, peeling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of the skin surrounding the breast skin or nipple area.
    6.    Swollen lymph nodes around the collarbone or under the arms which could be a sign that breast cancer has spread.

    Types of Breast Cancer:

    Types of Breast Cancer

    You and your doctor need to know the type of breast cancer that you have to get the best outcome. Treatment of breast cancer will depend on where your cancer started whether it has nearby other breast tissues or spread to other parts of your body.
    Breast cancer may be:

    Ductal carcinoma:

    This is highly treatable pre-cancer starts in a milk duct. It is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer, meeting the calls are abnormal but haven’t spread to the surrounding tissue. Over the time, Ductal carcinoma in situ may progress to invasive breast cancer.

    Invasive lobular carcinoma:

    This type of breast cancer begins in the milk-producing glands which are called lobules. It is also known as “infiltrating lobular carcinoma,” Invasive lobular carcinoma can spread beyond the lobules into surrounding breast tissue and metastasize to other parts of the body. It accounts for about 10% to 12% of invasive breast cancer.

    Invasive Ductal carcinoma:

    Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common breast cancer, accounting for 75% of all the invasive breast cancer diagnoses. It is also known as infiltrating ductal carcinoma. IDC starts in a milk duct, breaks through the duct wall. It can also spread to the other parts of the body as well.

    Lobular carcinoma in situ:

    Lobular carcinoma, also called neoplasia, starts in the milk-producing lobules. It is not breast cancer (even though carcinoma in its name) but rather than a collection of abnormal cells. People with lobular carcinoma in situ are more likely to develop breast cancer in the future.

    Breast cancer stages:

    Breast cancer stages

    The stage is expressed as a number on a scale of 0 through 4. Breast cancer is staged according to the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
    Let’s discuss some different ways of staging breast cancer.

    Stage 0:

    This stage is known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), cells are limited to within a duct and have not invaded surrounding tissue.

    Stage 1:

    At the beginning of stage 1, the tumor is up to 2 centimeters across and it has not affected any lymph nodes.

    Stage 2:

    In stage 2 of breast cancer, the tumor is 2 cm across and it has started to spread to nearby nodes.

    Stage 3:

    The tumor is up to 5cm in stage 3 of breast cancer and also it may spread to some lymph nodes.

    Stage 4:

    In stage 4, cancer has spread to distant organs, especially the bones, brain, liver or lungs.

    Breast cancer Blood Tests and Diagnosis:

    Breast cancer diagnosis often occurs as the result of routine screening, or when a woman approaches her doctor after detecting symptoms. Some of the diagnosis tests procedure and test help to confirm a diagnosis.

    Imaging Tests:

    A mammogram is an X-ray most commonly used for initial breast cancer screening. This Imaging test produces images that can easily help to discover any abnormalities.

    MRI Scan:

    MRI scan usually involves injecting a pigment into patients to find out how far cancer has spread in the body.

    Ultra Sound:

    It can help differentiate between a fluid-filled cyst and a solid mass.

    Breast Exam:

    The physician will check the patient’s breast lumps and another kind of symptoms. The patient will be asked to stand and sit with her arms in a different position such as above head and by her sides.

    Breast cancer Treatments:

    Breast cancer Treatments

    With local repetition in the breast after initial treatment with lumpectomy and adjuvant radiation therapy, the most recommended treatment is a mastectomy. Cancer is completely removed with these treatments. Many women may get more than one type of treatment for their cancer.
    Most of the women with breast cancer will some type of surgery to remove their tumor. Depending on the type breast cancer and how advanced it is. In this situation, you might need some treatment as well, either before or after the surgery or sometimes both.
    Some treatment plan is based on the type of breast cancer, its stage, and any special situations:

    1.    Triple Negative breast cancer
    2.    Invasive Breast cancer stage 1 to 4
    3.    Inflammatory breast cancer
    4.    Breast cancer during pregnancy
    There are several other ways to treat breast cancer depending on its stage and its type:

    Local Treatment:

    Some kind of treatment for breast cancer is local because they view the tumor without affecting the rest of the body. The types of local therapy used for breast cancer include:
    1.    Radiation Therapy
    2.    Surgery

    Systemic Treatments:

    Some kind of drugs used to treat breast cancer treatment which are considered therapies because they can reach cancer cells anywhere in the cells. These drugs can be given directly into the bloodstream. Different types of drug treatment might be used depending on the type of breast cancer:
    1.    Hormone therapy
    2.    Targeted Therapy
    3.    Chemotherapy

    Breast Cancer Prevention:

    Some prevention of breast cancer starts with good and healthy practice including drink limiting alcohol and staying physically active regularly. You should understand what you can do to reduce your breast cancer risk.

    1.   Become familiar with your breasts through breast self-exam for breast awareness:

    Most of the women choose to become familiar by inspecting their breast during a breast self-test for breast awareness. If there is a new change, lumps or other unusual signs in your breast, then talk to your doctor promptly.

    2.   Drink Alcohol in moderation, if at all.

    Limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day if you choose to drink alcohol.
    Exercise most days of the week:
    Aim for at least 40 minutes of exercise on most of the days of the week. If you have not been active lately, contact with your doctor whether it is fine and start slowly.

    3.   Maintain a healthy weight:

    If your weigh is healthy, then work to maintain that weight. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy strategies to accomplish this. Reduce the calories you eat each day and slowly increase the amount of exercise.

    4.   Choose a healthy diet:

    Most of the women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil and also mixed nuts may have a reduced risk of breast cancer. This healthy diet focuses mostly on plant-based foods such as vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, such as over butter, olive oil and fish instead of red meat.

    5.   Ask your doctor about breast cancer screening:

    Consult with your doctor when to begin breast cancer screening exams and tests, such as mammograms and clinical breast exams. Discuss with your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening strategies are right for you.

    No comments