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    Causes, Types, Risk Factor and ways to Treat Glaucoma


    Causes, Types, Risk Factor and ways to Treat Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is a disease of eye optic nerves that transmit to the brain through eye retina, where vision forms. As the disease grows gradually, it starts damaging the nerves and vision which leads to the blindness of both eyes. According to the statistics, more than 6 million individuals are blind by both of their eyes, due to the effects of Glaucoma. In the United States of America alone, around 3 million people are suffering from Glaucoma. It is not always due to the certain pressure on eyes and lids but sometimes it occurs with the normal pressure as well.

    Causes of Glaucoma

     The most common reason is the absence of wakefulness of the existence of the disease. Hence, there are different reasons that cause Glaucoma. This disease has no specific cause but the pain behind the eyes and eyelids that lead towards this worse disease which often irresistibly affect the eyesight and blindness of eyes. Optic nerve of the eye is most prone to damage either directly or by reducing the blood flow to the nerves.
    The eye is filled with intraocular fluid, when there is a mismatch between the fluid and its drainage by the outside factors, Glaucoma is more likely to appear. Like a balloon, the eye cannot relieve the IOP- Intraocular pressure and it continues to grow, unless or until the sight does not get completely lost.

    Risk Factors for Glaucoma

    As you already know that there are no significant symptoms or causes of Glaucoma but only early detection and awareness. Though everyone is at the risk of Glaucoma some of them possess such factors which can be major threat to be the sufferer of intraocular pressure and blindness.
    These factors are:
    • ·         Lessening of Corneal thickness
    • ·         History of intraocular pain
    • ·         Older than 45 years
    • ·         Injury to Eye
    • ·         Inheritance
    • ·         Diabetes
    • ·         Race

     Types of Glaucoma

     Types of Glaucoma

    Glaucoma has its two to three types as it can be one-eyed or can also infect both of eyes. Sometimes it causes due to intraocular pressure and otherwise, it can be due to the inappropriate passing of blood to eye optic nerves, trauma or medication. So let's see the common types of Glaucoma.

    Open-Angle Glaucoma


    This type of glaucoma is often caused by the overage and chronic in nature. The main reason behind this is the fluid from the eye is increases because the drainage is completely blocked. The intraocular fluid continues to grow and damages the peripherals that damage the vision and caused permanent blindness. This sort of glaucoma refers to the primary open-angle glaucoma.

    Congenital Glaucoma


    Congenital glaucoma is not a very common type of glaucoma. It generally occurs in the children due to the intraocular pressure on the optic nerves. Early detection and treatment at the right time can save the infant from permanent loss of vision.

    Secondary Open-Angle Glaucoma


    The secondary type of glaucoma occurs only in one eye as a result of either diabetes or an eye injury.  Another cause of this type of glaucoma is because of retinal damage and peripheral vein blockage. The treatment for secondary open-angle glaucoma is not general but varies for the cause.

    Closed Angle Glaucoma


    Close angle glaucoma work in contrast to the open angle glaucoma. In open-angle the drainage system gets completely block whereas, in the close angle the fluid in the front part of the eye cannot contact with the drainage channels. This sort of attack can cause inflammation, swelling, severe eye aches, vomiting, nausea and loss of vision. Close angle glaucoma is acute in nature and can regrow after the surgical attempt.

    Treatment of Glaucoma

    There are several medical techniques that are used for the purpose to avoid vision loss because the blindness due to glaucoma is irrevocable. There are multiple products and treatments such as eye drops, tablet or capsules, laser surgical operations etc.
    Individual are prescribed with different approaches among all which is most suitable for their type of and stage of glaucoma. We are elaborating about most common, safe and well-known ways to cure glaucoma.

    Eye Drops


    Eye drops are most commonly prescribed with the combination of different medications to release the intraocular pressure from the optic nerves. Eye drops get mixed with the blood so it is highly advisable to consult with the doctor in order to prevent any further damage to your vision or sight.
    The reason is when the medicine you take to mix in the blood and the eye drops also blends with the bloodstream can be harmful or sometimes overdosed.

    Pills or tablets


    If the primary medication and eye drop are not enough to release the eyelid aches and swelling then pills are recommended to lessen the production of fluid in the upfront part of the cornea, to prevent its exposure to optic nerves which later on can be caused as the damage to vision or permanent loss of sight.

    Trabeculectomy


    Trabeculectomy refers to the traditional surgical approach that implies for both open-angle glaucoma and closed angle glaucoma. Doctors often recommend this conventional approach when the eye drops or pills are not enough to drain the excess fluid from the eye. This considers as the one of fine surgery because about 50 percent of the patients do not require any medication after successful trabeculectomy.

    Laser Surgery


    As the technology is getting revolutionary development day by day, the convenience is progressing as a result. Laser surgery is really a painless procedure to drain all the unnecessary fluid from the eyes. It takes probably 115 to 20 minutes that a strong beam focuses on the eye lens to drain away through eye's natural drainage system. As an outcome, patients get relief from the painful eyelids and discontinue their regular eye drops or tablets.

    Although the prognosis of this eye optic nerve disorder is difficult to make. But the public awareness programs on Glaucoma have created the sense among the general public. Moreover, the health department of the states has also provided no-fee test screening to the patient who is at the major risk which has lessened the number of glaucoma patients.

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